Published: 30 June 2012

Research on the performance of buffer for landing gear based on the drop test

Xue Caijun1
Xue Xiuli2
Qi Wengang3
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Abstract

Based on the drop test of the articulated main landing gear of Seagull 300 light multifunctional amphibious airplane, a further study has been conducted to establish buffer performance under different air chamber pressures and attitude angles. Through comparative analysis of the test results, the influencing rule of air chamber pressure and attitude angle on the buffer performance parameters (system capacity, vertical load, buffer compression, system efficiency and buffer efficiency) was obtained. The results demonstrate that air chamber pressure has a significant effect on the buffer system efficiency, while the attitude angle influences the system capacity a lot. With air chamber pressure increasing system efficiency decreases first, then gradually increases after reaching its minimum at 2.15 MPa and decreases at last after reaching its maximum at 2.7 MPa. Buffer efficiency decreases first and then increases after reaching its minimum at 2.2 MPa. When the attitude angle is between 3 and 12 degrees, the smaller the attitude angle, the more energy the system absorbs and the better the buffer performance is. The rate of change of performance parameters varies linearly with attitude angle. With the increase of angle, system capacity, maximum vertical load and system efficiency increase, and the change rate of buffer compression decreases correspondingly. The rate of change of system efficiency has the fastest growth.

About this article

Received
08 March 2012
Accepted
14 May 2012
Published
30 June 2012
Keywords
drop test
articulated landing gear
air chamber pressure
attitude angle
buffer performance