Published: 31 March 2010

Influence of vibratory stress relief on residual stresses in weldments and mechanical properties of struktural steel joint

A. Jurcius1
A. V. Valiulis2
O. Cernasejus3
K. J. Kurzydlowski4
A. Jaskiewicz5
M. Lech-Grega6
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Abstract

The welding process can join two similar materials with a bond that has mechanical properties comparable to the original material. Unfortunately, this process induces residual stresses in the weldment, which, if left untreated, can cause distortion of the part, premature fatigue failure or cracking along the weld. A post-weld heat treatment is the traditional method of relieving these stresses, but is costly and a time consuming process. Heat treatment is required for weldments, which have heavy fatigue loading since the post-weld heat treatment reduces the residual stresses in the weldment and generates more uniform mechanical properties. Vibratory stress relief (VSR) techniques could be used to substitute the heat treatment for these types of weldments and save time and money. The purpose of this paper is to provide a brief overview of the generation, measurement, and reduction of residual stresses. Residual stresses in the weld bead were measured by means of X-ray diffraction, ultrasonic technique and hole drilling methods. In addition, welded specimens were subjected to mechanical testing with purpose of determination of VSR effect on weld and heat-affected zone metal

About this article

Received
19 December 2009
Accepted
03 March 2010
Published
31 March 2010
Keywords
vibration stress relief
residual stresses
ultrasonic stress measurement
X-Ray diffraction
hole-drilling