The paper proposes a constructive method for solving the stationary Kolmogorov-Feller equation with a nonlinear drift coefficient. The corresponding algorithms are constructed and their convergence is justified. The basis of the proposed method is the application of the Fourier transform.
This paper proposes an approach to constructing solutions of differential equations of fractional order of the Kolmogorov-Feller type. We consider equations with nonlinear coefficients, namely the case of a quadratic dependence of the drift coefficient on the independent variable. As far as we know, this method of construction is not presented in the literature. The advantage of the method is its effectiveness in numerical implementation.
2. Mathematical model of the problem
Let’s consider the form of the Kolmogorov-Feller Eq. (1) with the drift coefficient 0, which depends nonlinearly on the coordinate:
In the literature, it is customary to consider the simplified case 0. In our case for normal form we have:
We assume – analytical function and – it’s Fourier transform, where or:
Insofar as Eqs. (2-3), we have:
In case – even function, we have , 1, 2,..., and – is real analytical function. From Eq. (2) we have:
Obviously, we can go from solving the Eq. (1) with Eq. (2), to the equation:
From Eq. (6) we have:
Again, since , , we get:
3. Mathematical model analysis
we’ll get for following equation:
For we can highlight some properties.
1) From Eq. (10) it follows:
2) From Eq. (19) we have:
Lemma 1. For :
is by and for , which are large enough.
4. Construction of the solution of the transfer theory problem
We will use the well-known asymptotic theorem for solving the equation:
Theorem 1. Let in the Eq. (21) , for sufficiently large and let there exist a branch of class such that , Let further and . Then Eq. (21) has a solution:
Moreover, for :
If , then , , .
Lemma 2. If and then for Eq. (12) the previous theorem is valid.
Thus, further we solve the following problem:
Here is given by Eq. (15). Further, we assume that the assumptions of Theorem 1 are fulfilled. In particular, the function is analytic when , (see Eq. (18a)).
From the theory of differential equations, we obtain for the coefficients following infinite system of equations:
For we immediately get at :
In case of even : , . The determinant of the matrix of this system is:
In these designations for we have the expression:
where , .
To find the coefficient , we use the asymptotic solution (), given by Theorem 1. Let . Then by Theorem 1 we get:
If , then , [7, 8]. Therefore, Eq. (28) can be approximately replaced by the system:
where and are approximate values for and . From Eq. (29) we find:
where all functions are calculated when For an approximate value of we therefore have:
5. Results and conclusions
For construction of the analytical solution of the Kolmogorov-Feller Eq. (1) one can use the following algorithm.
1) Take the desired function .
2) For we have , under:
3) We can get from:
where – are from , or from with , ,
4) Then we have solution in form , , where , are determined from equations:
where , are determined from Eqs. (30), (31).
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