Published: 13 October 2023

Assessment of CO2 leakage using mechanistic modelling approach for CO2 injection in deep saline aquifer of Lithuanian basin in presence of fault and fractures

Shankar Lal Dangi1
Shruti Malik2
Pijus Makauskas3
Vilte Karliute4
Ravi Sharma5
Mayur Pal6
1, 5Indian Institute of Technology, Department of Earth Science, IIT Roorkee, India
2, 3, 4, 6Kaunas University of Technology, Department of Mathematical Modelling, Kaunas, Lithuania
Corresponding Author:
Shankar Lal Dangi
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Abstract

Injecting CO2 into deep saline aquifers is a prominent strategy for carbon capture and storage (CCS) to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. However, ensuring the long-term integrity of CO2 storage is crucial to prevent leakage and potential environmental hazards. This paper investigates the impact of fracture permeability on CO2 leakage volumes in the context of CO2 injection into Syderiai deep saline aquifer for carbon capture and storage (CCS) applications. It explores the relationship between fracture permeability and the potential for CO2 leakage, as well as the volume of CO2 dissolved in water above and below the cap rock. Furthermore, the study examines how the leakage volume may evolve over time in Syderiai deep saline aquifer. A mechanistic model of Syderiai deep saline aquifer, of Lithuanian basin, was developed based on average permeability, porosity, NTG and thickness (Fig. 1) and is used in this analysis.

Fig. 1Permeability distribution Grid block for 1000 md Fracture and Soluble CO2 in water for 1000 md Fracture after 100 year

Permeability distribution Grid block for 1000 md Fracture  and Soluble CO2 in water for 1000 md Fracture after 100 year

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About this article

Received
07 September 2023
Accepted
11 September 2023
Published
13 October 2023
Keywords
carbon capture and storage
CO2 leakage
leakage risk
faults and fractures
modeling
Lithuania