Basic Sciences Research

Fault diagnosis of low-speed heavy load super large rolling bearing based on deep learning
Editor's pick
Research Article
Fault diagnosis of low-speed heavy load super large rolling bearing based on deep learning
By Simin Li, Hongchao Wang
The conventional eigenvalue alarm mode has a high rate of false alarm and missed alarm for the low-speed heavy load super large rolling bearing. Besides, the traditional signal processing method such as envelope spectral analysis is difficult to extract its fault characteristic frequencies, resulting in a high rate of false diagnosis and missed diagnosis. In order to solve the above problems, an intelligent diagnosis method for the low-speed heavy load super large rolling bearing based on deep learning is proposed. The proposed method mainly utilizes the strong robustness of deep learning algorithm to the quality of original vibration data in the field of fault diagnosis. Firstly, an effective signal acquisition scheme is designed to solve the problem that the signal characteristics of low-speed heavy load super large rolling element bearing are difficult to be acquired. Then, the collected data are randomly divided into training sets, verification sets and test sets by using data enhancement technology. Subsequently, input the divided training set samples into 1-dimensional convolution neural network (1DCNN) deep learning model for learning and training to construct the 1DCNN learning model and set network structure parameters. Meanwhile, the optimal training model is obtained by validating the updating effect of model parameters through validation set. Finally, the test data is input into the trained model to realize intelligent diagnosis. Effectiveness of the proposed method is verified by the vibration data of a wind power main bearing.
October 8, 2023
Applied Mathematics
Most cited
Research Article
A conversion guide: solar irradiance and lux illuminance
By Peter R. Michael, Danvers E. Johnston, Wilfrido Moreno
December 4, 2020
Applied Physics
Most cited
Research Article
A convolutional neural network method based on Adam optimizer with power-exponential learning rate for bearing fault diagnosis
By Youming Wang, Zhao Xiao, Gongqing Cao
June 30, 2022
Applied Mathematics
Most cited
Research Article
Fault diagnosis and health management of bearings in rotating equipment based on vibration analysis – a review
By Adnan Althubaiti, Faris Elasha, Joao Amaral Teixeira
November 26, 2021
Applied Mathematics
Most cited
Research Article
A portable breast cancer detection system based on smartphone with infrared camera
By Jian Ma, Pengchao Shang, Chen Lu, Safa Meraghni, Khaled Benaggoune, Juan Zuluaga, Noureddine Zerhouni, Christine Devalland, Zeina Al Masry
September 26, 2019
Biomechanics

Journal of Measurements in Engineering

Experimental kinematic analysis of an intermittent motion planetary mechanism with elliptical gears
Research Article
Experimental kinematic analysis of an intermittent motion planetary mechanism with elliptical gears
Intermittent motion mechanisms are widely used in semiautomatic and automatic machinery. Currently, the most common are mechanisms with a one-way coupling or mechanisms of variable structure. The intermittent movement in these mechanisms is provided by breaking the kinematic chain, so their use is undesirable in high-speed machines. The paper presents and analyzes kinematics of planetary transmission with elliptical gears, which performs intermittent motion of output link without interruption of kinematic chain. A kinematic model of the mechanism is constructed, and there are obtained equations for determining the velocity analogue of the output link of the planetary gear. An experimental verification of the adequacy of the developed mathematical model was carried out on the example of studying the position function of the mechanism. The measurement errors were estimated using statistical methods. Using the chi-squared test, the hypothesis of a normal distribution of measurement errors was verified, and confidence interval was determined.
September 30, 2020
Applied Physics
Experimental analysis of cutting force during machining difficult to cut materials under dry, mineral oil, and TiO2 nano-lubricant
Research Article
Experimental analysis of cutting force during machining difficult to cut materials under dry, mineral oil, and TiO2 nano-lubricant
Difficult-to-machine materials, e.g., Titanium alloys, are highly applicable in diverse industries that yield strength and wear resistance. However, they prove difficult to machine due to high vibration, leading to high cutting forces during the machining process. This vibration occurs from chip discontinuity and thereby leads to high friction between the cutting tool and workpiece. In order to minimize these challenges, lubricants are employed in machining operations to reduce frictional and other unnecessary cutting forces and improve surface finish. This research focuses on studying the nano-lubricant effects in reducing cutting forces in the machining of TI-6AL-4V-ELI alloy. Also, carry out a comparative study of dry, mineral oil, and TiO2 nano-lubricant during face-milling machining for optimal performance. Additionally, the study develops a predictive mathematical model for cutting force using a Taguchi L9 orthogonal array. A two-step approach was employed to develop the nano-lubricant before the machining process. The dynamometer is used to collect the cutting force data at the end of each sample. The Results show that the lubrication conditions play a significant role in the reduction of cutting forces. The mineral oil-based-TiO2 nano-lubricant reduces the cutting force by 19 % compared with the mineral oil during the machining of TI-6AL-4V-ELI alloy. Furthermore, the optimal parameters to reduce cutting forces during face milling of TI-6AL-4V-ELI alloy are cutting speed at 3000 rpm, 200 mm/min feed rate, 0.3 mm depth of cut to obtain the minimum cutting force 30 (N). This study concludes that the application of TiO2 nanoparticles in mineral oil significantly improves the thermal and mechanical properties, which leads to a reduction of cutting force.
December 13, 2021
Applied Physics
Traffic sign recognition based on HOG feature extraction
Research Article
Traffic sign recognition based on HOG feature extraction
The substantial increase in the number of motor vehicles in recent years has caused many traffic safety problems and has aroused widespread concern. As the basis of intelligent vehicle environment perception and a necessary condition for realizing the functions of assisted driving system, traffic sign recognition is of great significance for realizing automatic driving of vehicles, improving intelligent transportation systems, and promoting the development of smart cities.This paper mainly identifies traffic signs, using histogram of gradient feature extraction method. The image is collected and preprocessed by a vision sensor. The color threshold segmentation method and morphological processing are used to reduce the interference of the background area and enhance the contour of the sign area. Finally, HOG method is used to collect the gradient of each pixel point in the cell unit or the direction histogram of the edge to identify traffic signs. Through MATALB simulation, it is obtained that the HOG image feature extraction method has high accuracy, small error and short recognition time, which shows the effectiveness of the algorithm.
August 11, 2021
Informatics
Detection of lane line based on Robert operator
Research Article
Detection of lane line based on Robert operator
As autonomous driving technology becomes more and more popular, its safety is also attracting attention. Regarding the automatic driving of vehicles, the detection of road markings is particularly important. This paper improves the lane edge detection part of the Hough transform lane line detection method. Because the traditional Canny operator edge detection method is good for image processing, but the detection time is long, this paper replaces the Canny algorithm with the Robert operator edge detection method. The sub-edge detection method can improve the detection speed of lane line extraction. In MATLAB, by using multiple edge detection operators to perform edge detection on the same image 100 times, and taking the average of the detection time, it is found that the Robert operator takes a shorter time in the detection process than the Canny operator; Then the Robert operator and Canny operator are respectively fused into the Hough transform lane line detection. After 100 times, the same image is detected, and the running time is statistically averaged for comparison and analysis. The Robert operator is better than the Canny operator. The time taken is reduced by 0.15191 s. The simulation results show that the integration of Robert operator in Hough transform lane line detection improves the real-time performance of lane detection.
August 11, 2021
Informatics
Journal of Measurements in Engineering

Theoretical and practical advancements in the field of measurements, including instrumentation, sensor technology, data processing, and diverse engineering applications

Impact Factor
1.6
CiteScore
1.9
APC
750 EUR

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Dynamic analysis of slider-crank mechanism with clearance fault
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Research Article
Dynamic analysis of slider-crank mechanism with clearance fault
By Shungen Xiao, Mengmeng Song, Zexiong Zhang
In this paper, the dynamic behavior of the slider-crank mechanism with clearance fault is investigated. The revolute joint with clearance is equivalent to a virtual massless rod, and then the dynamic equation of the crank slider mechanism with clearance is established by the Lagrangian method. In addition, a three-dimensional dynamic model of the crank slider mechanism with clearance is also established by ADAMS. The numerical results show that the clearance affects the displacement and velocity response of the crank-slider mechanism in a weak way, but influences the acceleration response of the mechanism in a significant manner. Due to the existence of the clearance, the revolute joint of the mechanism produces a rub-impact phenomenon, and the larger the clearance, the greater the impact strength. During the rub-impact process, there are three kinds of motion states of separation, collision and contact occur.
November 28, 2019
Applied Mathematics
Variational mode decomposition denoising combined with the Euclidean distance for diesel engine vibration signal
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Research Article
Variational mode decomposition denoising combined with the Euclidean distance for diesel engine vibration signal
By Gang Ren, Jide Jia, Jianmin Mei, Xiangyu Jia, Jiajia Han
Variational mode decomposition (VMD) is a recently introduced adaptive signal decomposition algorithm with a solid theoretical foundation and good noise robustness compared with empirical mode decomposition (EMD). There is a lot of background noise in the vibration signal of diesel engine. To solve the problem, a denoising algorithm based on VMD and Euclidean Distance is proposed. Firstly, a multi-component, non-Gauss, and noisy simulation signal is established, and decomposed into a given number K of band-limited intrinsic mode functions by VMD. Then the Euclidean distance between the probability density function of each mode and that of the simulation signal are calculated. The signal is reconstructed using the relevant modes, which are selected on the basis of noticeable similarities between the probability density function of the simulation signal and that of each mode. Finally, the vibration signals of diesel engine connecting rod bearing faults are analyzed by the proposed method. The results show that compared with other denoising algorithms, the proposed method has better denoising effect, and the fault characteristics of vibration signals of diesel engine connecting rod bearings can be effectively enhanced.
August 15, 2018
Applied Mathematics
Design and analysis of driving motor system for hybrid electric vehicle
In order to improve the reliability and stability of hybrid electric vehicle driving motor system, according to the performance parameters of the hybrid electric vehicle, the driving motor system is designed and analyzed for the hybrid electric vehicle. Based on the performance parameters of the hybrid electric vehicle, the power parameters of the permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) are calculated and determined, then the parameters of the stator core, the permanent magnet and the rotor core are designed and calculated, as well as other main characteristic parameters of the driving motor system are calculated. The model of a PMSM is established and simulated by ANSOFT Maxwell according to the obtained motor parameters, and then the steady state and transient state of the driving motor are simulated in different working points, and the electromagnetic and performance curves are combined to determine the overall performance requirements of the driving motor, which can be used to match the hybrid electric vehicle. The simulation results show that the designed PMSM can be used to match the hybrid electric vehicle and meet the performance requirements of the vehicle. The final simulation analysis results are in good agreement with the theoretical calculation results, which indicates that this method can be used to afford a theoretical basis to reduce the cogging torque and optimize the in-wheel motor of electric vehicle in the future.
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Error correction and uncertainty measurement of short-open-load calibration standards on a new concept of software defined instrumentation for microwave network analysis
Software-Defined Radio (SDR) has appeared as a sufficient framework for the development and testing of the measurement systems such as a signal generator, signal analyzer, and network analysis used in the network analyzer. However, most of researchers or scientists still rely on commercial analyzers were larger benchtop instruments, highly cost investment and minimum software intervention. In this paper, a new concepts measurement revolution called as Software Defined Instrumentation (SDI) on network analysis is presented, which is based on reconfigurable SDR, a low-cost implementation, ability to access RF chain and utilizing open source signal processing framework. As a result, a Vector Network Analyzer (VNA) has been successful implemented by deploying an SDR platform, test sets, and data acquisition from the GNU Radio software in host PC. The known calibration process on SHORT-OPEN-LOAD (SOL) technique is validated to ensure measurement data from this SDI free from systematic error. Two types of SOL calibration standards used for a comparison study to validate the SDI measurement system which is capable of generating the response on the differential of standard quality and accuracy of standards kits. Finally, calibration uncertainty analysis is also presented in this work by utilizing RF open source package without any cost addition.
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